“intro to psychology 1-Which of the following is one of the greatest strengths of the social cognitive perspective of personality? It recognizes that the five stages of psychosexual development can, in fact, be progressed through without fixation, struggle, or strife. It suggests that the genetic limitations with which we are born can be overcome. It offers hope to each human being that self-actualization is a reasonable and attainable goal. It offers strategies for a person to improve his or her own life, as it recognizes the importance of the individual in the construction of his or her own reality. 2-based on your knowledge of the theories of Lawrence Kohlberg, which part of the brain would help with the reasoning of something like the Heinz Dilemma? The prefrontal cortex The transcranial pathway The visual cortex The rapid subcortical pathway 3-One way that therapists assist clients suffering from a phobia is through a technique called systematic desensitization. The person is gradually exposed to the trigger of their fear until they learn to respond with relaxation instead of panic and dread. This uses the principle of __stimulus-response theory________, which suggests that repeated exposure to a stimulus leads to familiarity and comfort. relaxation habituation diminution minimization 4-Which stage of sleep is characterized by an increase in delta wave activity in the brain? REM sleep Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 5-One of the earliest theories of multiple types of intelligence was that of Raymond Cattell, who suggested that intelligence can be divided up into two types: intrapersonal and interpersonal. emotional and intellectual. practical and creative. fluid and crystallized. 6-Why is it so important that people living with HIV or AIDS find ways of reducing the stress in their lives? Because the illness compromises the immune system, and having too much stress will further limit the body’s ability to fight the illness. Because HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, cannot live without a ready supply of adrenaline and noradrenaline to feed on. These are the neurotransmitters that are released by people who have too much stress in their lives. Because the medications used to treat these illness cannot be effective in individuals who have high stress due to the negative interaction of the drugs and cortisol, the stress hormone. Because the treatment of these illnesses requires a strict regimen of medication compliance, and research has shown that those who live with high amounts of stress are more forgetful and therefore more likely to miss a dose of their crucial, life-saving medication. 7-Psychologist Stewart Page had an associate who called 180 people who had advertised __job openings________, but when they found out that the person calling was “about to be released from a mental health facility,” they were suddenly quick to become distant. This study demonstrated the pervasiveness of stigma attached to mental illness in the 1970s. job openings rooms for rent a need for a babysitter a desire to purchase a vehicle 8-in 2005 the United States Supreme Court outlawed the practice of using capital punishment (the death penalty) for juvenile offenders. What was the basis of this ruling? The recognition that using the death penalty on juveniles presented a clear risk of unnecessary pain, which would violate the constitutional prohibition on “cruel and unusual punishment.” The recognition that juveniles have a biological deficiency in their ability to use good judgment. The recognition that putting juveniles to death would be more of a punishment for their families than for the juveniles themselves. The recognition that juveniles are psychologically incapable of being responsible for their own actions. 9-Which of the following facts about the James-Lange theory of emotions is true? James was older than Lange, which is why his name came first in the theory. James and Lange did not know each other, and proposed the same theory at the exact same time. Lange was James’s teacher, and he agreed to let James’s name come first to forward his career. James and Lange worked together for over thirty years before their theory was finally accepted in mainstream psychology. 10-While Alfred Binet is generally credited with creating the first test used to measure intelligence, this is actually a bit of a mistake. The test that he developed, in fact, measured a child’s: processing speed. mental age. mathematics skills. verbal fluency.”
“Business ethics 1-Which is NOT a requirement for a facility to be considered a sweatshop? Unmitigated health and safety hazards High temperatures Poor working conditions Unfair wages 2-how have most businesses adapted to information technology developments? They have become larger and more unwieldy. They have become more hierarchical. They have become flatter, smaller, and more nimble. They have become more profitable. 3-UNOCAL worked with the Burmese army to push the pipeline using: low-wage workers. forced labor. unethical land reclamation schemes. None of the above 4-What is the “hardwired” Intention Principle? Harming by action is worse than harming by omission. Harming by omission is worse than harming by ignorance. Harming by physical contact is worse than without physical contact. Harming anyone for any reason is wrong. 5-During the financial crisis in 2008, George W. Bush asked U.S. Congress to pass legislation to create a Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) in the amount of: $1 trillion. $90 billion. $80 billion. $700 billion. 6-China and Singapore are examples of what type of economies? Ones that favor free markets and globalization Ones that favor individual property rights Ones that favor government intervention Ones that favor competition 7-Which of the following would negatively impact the effectiveness of market theory consumer protection? Low prices Monopolies High prices Many competitors 8-Which is the best description of intentional discrimination? The conscious and deliberate discriminatory act on an individual The discrimination brought about by the unconscious biases of an individual The acts of discrimination made by the few heads of an organization The discrimination that results from the routines and processes of large groups 9-Which of the following is NOT a key consideration for an employer when impinging on an employee’s privacy? Relevance Consent Methods Utility 10-which of these is NOT a view on the duty of a business to its customers? Duty of care view Social costs view Contract view Normative view”
“World civilizations 1 1-What was the earliest and longest stage of cultural development? Neolithic Paleolithic Ice Age Pleistocene epoch 2-All of the earliest states arose near: rivers. mountains. grasslands. oceans. 3-Which of the following was China’s first dynasty? Qin Zhou Shang Xia 4- Which of the following does NOT accurately describe Chinese interaction with other cultures? Contacts with other cultures were difficult to maintain. Contacts with other cultures were sporadic. Contacts with other cultures were based primarily on trade. Contacts with other cultures led the Chinese to embrace other customs and immerse themselves in new cultures. 5- The Greek polis was a(n): alliance of cities. independent city state. open space where citizens could assemble. farming village. 6- The Germanic tribes were united by which of these? A single empire Trade alliance Language Allegiance to one king 7- Which language became dominant in the Byzantine Empire? Latin Russian Arabic Greek 8- Which European country’s culture was most heavily influenced by Arab culture? Spain France Italy Germany 9- Which of the following statements most accurately describes the time period known as the High Middle Ages? This was a time period in which the Catholic Church monopolized political power. This was a time period in which strong European monarchies began to emerge. This was a time period in which Islamic expansion threatened the very existence of the West. This was a time period in which Protestants and Catholics engaged in a bitter conflict. 10- Both Aztec and Inca religion centered on worship of: a moon goddesses. a sun god. the spirits of former emperors. ancestor”
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