Home » Acct1101 edward’s electrical goods has been in business in sydney

Acct1101 edward’s electrical goods has been in business in sydney





The objective of this Accounting practice set is to provide students with an insight into the process of recording transactions, completing adjusting and closing entries, and preparing financial statements for a retail business.

Company Background

Edward’s Electrical Goods has been in business in Sydney since July, 2011. The company was started by Edward Wright and operates a shop which sells electrical equipment on a retail basis to other businesses on credit and the public on cash terms. The company’s share capital consists of 126,000 ordinary shares, issued at $1 each, that are owned by various members of the Wright family. The company employs a combination of sales and administration staff to operate the   business.

Accounting System Information & Procedures

The company has a financial year end of 30 June and prepares adjusting entries at the end of the financial year.   To ensure efficiency of its accounting procedures, the company uses the following Special Journals to maintain its accounting records:

1. Sales Journal (SJ): to record all sales of inventory oncredit

2. PurchasesJournal(PJ):torecordallpurchasesofinventoryoncredit

3. Cash Receipts Journal (CRJ): to record all cashreceipts

4. Cash Payments Journal (CPJ): to record all cashpayments

5. GeneralJournal(GJ):torecordalltransactionsotherthantheabove.

Business transactions are recorded for Edward’s Electrical Goods on a daily basis in one of these five journals in the accounts.

Additionally, the company maintains a general ledger to record postings from the journals.  Subsidiary Ledgers are used to record the separate details of Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable.  Transactions are posted immediately to the relevant ledger account if they are entered  into the general journal, the “other” column of the Cash Receipts Journal or Cash Payments Journal, or if they affect any of the Accounts Receivable or Accounts Payable subsidiary ledger accounts.  Apart from these transactions, totals of the special journals are taken at the end of the month and then posted to the appropriate accounts. The company uses a periodic inventorysystem.

In practice, the company would be required to collect and pay Goods and Services Tax (GST) on its sales and purchases. However, for the purposes of this exercise, GST has been excluded.

Please Note: All amounts in this practice set should be rounded to the nearest dollar.



As at 31 May 2017

Acc. No. Account Debit ($) Credit ($)

100 Cash at Bank 68,292

101 Accounts Receivable Control 26,460

102 Store Supplies 16,779

103 Inventory 86,800

104 Prepaid Store Rent (paid 1 March 2017) 82,180

105 Prepaid Insurance (paid 1 Nov. 2016) 1,260

150 Store Shelving & Fittings 56,700

151 Accum. Depreciation – Shelving & Fittings

160 Equipment 19,250

161 Accumulated Depreciation – Equipment 9,450

200 Accounts Payable Control 17,066

201 Interest Payable

202 Utilities Payable

203 Wages Payable

204 Salaries Payable

205 Tax Payable

206 Dividend Payable

250 Bank Loan (due 1 June 2022) 67,438

300 Share Capital 126,000

301 Retained Profits (1 July 2016) 107,058

302 Dividends Declared

303 Profit and Loss Summary

400 Sales Revenue 449,526

401 Sales Discounts (Discount Allowed) 3,451

402 Sales Returns and Allowances 973

500 Purchases 214,095

501 Purchase Discounts (Discount Received) 2,688

502 Purchase Returns and Allowances 1,127

600 Freight-Out 322

601 Wages Expense – Sales Staff 107,569

602 Depreciation Expense- Shelving & Fittings

603 Depreciation Expense – Equipment

604 Supplies Expense

605 Rent Expense

606 Insurance Expense

607 Advertising Expense 4,872

608 Interest Expense

609 Utilities expense 6,496

610 Tax Expense

611 Sundry Expense 336

612 Salaries Expense– Office Staff 84,518

613 Bad Debts Expense

780,353 780,353



1) Enter the transactions on pages 8-9 into the appropriate Journal for the month of June 2017, Remember to post Journal transactions to the ledger accounts as specified in the “Account System  Information” section of  theintroduction.

2) TotalallSpecialJournalcolumnsandposttotheappropriateledgeraccountattheendof themonth.

3) PreparetheunadjustedTrialBalanceasat30Juneontheworksheetprovided.

4) Prepare the adjusting entries shown on page 10 in the General Journal and post to the relevantledgeraccounts.Theentertheadjustmentsintherelevantworksheetcolumnsand prepare an adjusted TrialBalance.

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